Dating James Based on internal evidence, James was written early, probably around 45-50 A. for his letter indicates no understanding of Paul’s gospel or Paul’s other doctrines.
D., and is the earliest of the New Testament letters. This fact is confirmed by Luke’s account of the Jerusalem Council (Acts 15).
James Wrote To Jews Despite what most of Christendom believes and teaches, the Twelve never had a ministry to Gentiles. At the end of the Jerusalem Council, the participants formally agreed to continue to abide by this state of affairs: the Jerusalem Jews and those under their leadership would minister to Jews and Paul would minister to Gentiles (Galatians 2.7-9).
This truth is revealed by the introductory address of James’ letter: A couple of things are noteworthy from James’ statement.
…But this James does nothing more than drive to the law and its works; and he mixes the two up in such disorderly fashion that it seems to me he must have been some good, pious man, who took some sayings of the apostles’ disciples and threw them thus on paper; or perhaps they were written down by someone else from his preaching. Paul calls it a law of slavery, (of wrath, of death and of sin, Galatians ; Romans ). This study will reveal why James wrote what he did and resolve the problem of faith and works. The author of James was James the Just, a half-brother of Jesus (Galatians 1.19), not the Apostle James, the son of Zebedee, who was one of the twelve apostles. Perhaps, following his death, James replaced the Apostle and assumed his place of prominence.
In any case, James was not one of the original Twelve and was, therefore, a second-order apostle.
What is revealed in the Old Testament is that salvation involved faith and works. Salvation by faith alone () was unknown to the Jews.
The letter to the Hebrews emphasizes the faith of Old Testament saints (Hebrews 11). Salvation and the Levitical Sacrifices Hebrews reveals that the Old Testament Levitical sacrifices were typical and temporary.
…Second: Its purpose is to teach Christians, and in all this long teaching it does not once mention the Passion, the Resurrection, or the Spirit of Christ.
He names Christ several times, but he teaches nothing about Him, and only speaks of common faith in God. by Herod Agrippa I, grandson of Herod the Great (Acts 12.1-2).
The Jews of the Old Testament had no idea the animal sacrifices they offered pointed to the greater reality of the death of the Messiah who would solve the problem of sin and death. What they knew was God had commanded them to perform them and that the sacrifices involved the shedding of blood to deal with sin.
Leviticus contains the following instructions regarding the burnt offering: If his offering is a burnt offering from the herd, he shall offer it, a male without defect; he shall offer it at the doorway of the tent of meeting, that he may be accepted before the Lord (Leviticus 1.1-3).
The first is that James wrote to Jews, not Gentiles.