Women are usually nurses, models, charity or UNICEF workers or antique dealers.
There are also military scams (for God Sake, there are NO American Generals browsing dating sites and NO military man will EVER ask you for money.
Then there is a recovery scam - a scammer recontacting you pretending to be FBI, EFCC or any other authority, telling he can help you recover your money... And finaly there is a "stuck parcel" scam, when they supposedly sent you goods/gifts, but they got stuck somewhere on the way (for example, on the customs) and you have to pay to "customs" or some bogus shipping company to get them.
There is also a re-shipping scam, when they will ask you to re-ship goods for them.
These goods are purchased with stolen credit cards.
Soon enough there is some sort of "emergency" with either the child suffering from a brain hemorrhage or "William" suffering a life threatening accident.
You will then be requested to send a large amount of money for treatment and promises that you will be paid back ASAP.
While most African singles looking for a date online are genuine, it cannot be denied that many online dating scams originate in African nations such as Nigeria, Ghana or Ivory Coast due to the low per capita income, high rates of unemployment, high rates of corruption and ineffective policing in these areas.
The money extracted from victims in North America, Europe and Australia translates to huge fortunes for the scammers who are willing to put weeks or months of work into getting a good payout. Many scammers are well educated and all are heartless so read on for common African online dating scams and protect yourself. You might be interacting with a man, say, "William Jones" from USA/ UK/ Australia/ Canada or some other Western country.
Alternatively they may prey on your sympathies, telling you a family member or someone else they are responsible for is ill and they need money for medical treatment.